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Digital urban management programme – Evolution of Bangalore GIS model

Senthil Shanmugam
BATF, Bangalore, India

1. Executive Summary
This paper explains about the experiences of developing GIS for a typical urban environment in the case of Bangalore City. The various aspects covered in this paper are the evolution of the GIS model, the various agencies involved, the projects, the methodology, the GISnet, GIS steering committee, Spatial Planning/Data center, the implementation and the benefits. The core issue in this paper is how the Bangalore GIS model evolved over the period.

2. Background

Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF): Objectives In Nov 1999, the State Government of Karnataka constituted the Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF) with several eminent professionals. The Objectives of the Task Force are:

  • Make Bangalore the best city in India by 2004
  • Upgrade and enhance the managerial and administrative capabilities of various civic and administrative stakeholders
  • Enable provision of citizen oriented , high quality public services that will improve the physical quality of life for individuals and communities
  • Augment financial resources and revenues of stakeholders to enable them to perform at world class levels

Digital Urban Management Programme
The digital Urban Management Programme is set of information tools with number of applications designed to manage urban areas efficiently; this is based on the Geographic Information System.

Long term goals of the DIMAP are towards the development of a comprehensive urban information system to address the issues of:

  • City planning and development
  • Transportation system and traffic management
  • Planning and development of civic amenities-Schools, Hospitals, Shopping centres etc
  • Property tax collection and urban development fund generation
  • Planning, development and managing the utilities-water supply, sewerage system, telephone system and power.

The goal of the project is to simplify the acquisition and sharing of geographical data. The objective is to:

  • Establish modern GIS facility (Hardware, software and Human resources) capable of supporting the urban development
  • Identify other GIS application domains within the city council and other authorities dealing with urban development (water and electricity services, health and community services, civil engineering etc)
  • Instigate the establishment of links in the form of data exchange agreements between relevant urban development authorities
  • Produce a high quality, digital and parcel maps for the entire city
  • Improve the quality of the results of the city’s assessment process
  • Facilitate effective collaboration between local and federal government agencies as well as private enterprises and other end users
  • Share data with other GIS users

3. GIS Action Plan

Immediate tasks:

  1. Needs assessment- Projects related to GIS/GPS (BATF with stakeholders)
  2. Formation of GIS steering committee (BATF)
  3. Periodic review of status of GIS projects or mapping activity(BATF)
  4. Formulation of policy, city level GIS regarding the use of map and other data, software/hardware etc
  5. Action plans for executing the projects-(BATF with the stakeholder)

Need for GIS Steering committee
GIS projects are not same as other projects, in terms of design, cost, and implementation. At present the various stakeholders are dealing with some form of GIS/GPS projects or mapping activity. But there is no coordination or inclination towards sharing of data or cost. Inordinate delays in executing projects, the approach or attitude towards the project are not satisfactory.

The formation of steering committee, coordinated by BATF, will bring all the stakeholders under one umbrella. The various issues can be resolved and increases the chances of coordination between agencies with the initiative of BATF. The coordination lead to solve the overlap of issues like sharing of cost or data in the city level GIS projects, that most of the stakeholders already involved or to be involved in the future.

The other general issues related to the various GIS/GPS projects, there is no standard base map, data, software/hardware used by various agencies. For example BWSSB is using NRSA base map, and the software/hardware used is different from other agencies like BDA and BMTC.

Roles have GIS steering committee

  • Standardization and fostering cooperation among stakeholders
  • Responsibilities include the development of GIS standards
  • Data sharing
  • Guidelines for data sharing

4.The Projects Dealt By The Stakeholders:

Bangalore Development Authority – BDA

  1. Mapping of Bangalore Metropolitan Area (NRSA Map)
    Issues : Delay in completing the base map, the foremost need for all agencies and the GIS projects (Started in 1998-99, only 12 Sqkm out of 1424 Sqkm so far)
  2. GIS Project (Layout development)
    Issues : There is no use of base map or standard data (manual survey), software used also Intergraph (Geomedia), different from BWSSB and BMTC

Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB)

  1. Computerized mapping, GIS development and utilities
    Base map used is different from BDA (Since the delay in acquisition of NRSA base map from BDA, BWSSB has directly acquiring map from NRSA)- ISSUE IS THE COST FACTOR
    The Software/Hardware used, is different from other agencies like BDA and BMTC
  2. Master plan: Bangalore Water supply and Environmental Sanitation
    Non availability of Base map for the entire city poses problem for GIS component of the project

Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC)

  1. Bus Monitoring Using GIS/GPS
    Base map used is different from other agencies (no NRSA map)

Bangalore City Corporation (BCC)

  1. GIS for Revenue and taxation department and other departments (DIMAP)
    Delay in approving the project proposal (submitted on July 2000)by BCC
  2. GIS/GPS for Garbage Truck Monitoring (Swachha Banglaore Part II)
    Delay in approving and executing the project by BCC

Police Department
GIS for Police department-Using GIS/GPS for patrol vehicle and database development – Issue: Financing and executing the project

Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL)

  1. State level GIS (Grid Map of Karnataka)
    • Using Survey of India map ( as a raster image) and digitized administrative district map (roads & landmarks)
    • Software used – MapInfo
    • The various layers of information – Power generation stations-Thermal/Hydel/Gas Turbine Diesel/Nuclear, all the substations
    • Consultant – Infodesk Manipal
    • Year completed – 1998
    • Applications – Planning new substations at state level and updating
  2. Bangalore GIS
    • Using the digitized map of BDA Comprehensive Development Plan -2000
    • Software Used – MapInfo
    • The various layers of information -Transformers, Power lines and roads
    • Consultant – Infodesk Manipal
    • Year completed – 1998
    • Applications – Planning at city level and updating
  3. Issues
    • Accuracy of map used for GIS
    • Base map that BDA is developing -the delay (of two years) in the process
    • Need to add more layers of information like Distribution Poles (DP), Cable route

5. Methodology for GIS Action plan

6. GIS Steering Committee

7. Bangalore Spatial Planning & Data Centre (Bspdc)

Objectives
The objective is to enhance, facilitate and promote the efficient, cost-effective development and use of GIS in Bangalore. This is achieved through the creation, maintenance, and distribution of database; the provision of GIS services to organizations and individuals; and the coordination of activities related to GIS and technology

Need and background
Statistics show that 80% of information used by government agencies has a spatial component, Integration of information from various agencies and assimilating voluminous information for analysis.

To coordinate a systematic implementation of GIS in Bangalore, which simplifies data transfer between all agencies, minimizes data redundancy and ensures suitably trained personnel are available to operate and manage the various components of the system. Spatial Center does this by

  • developing GIS standards, specifications and procedures for the orderly collection, and retrieval of GIS data;
  • by encouraging inter-agency cooperation through sharing of data etc;
  • by providing accurate spatial reference bases, technical support and advice;
  • by developing spatial data products;
  • by hosting training programs, seminars and conferences; and
  • by publishing periodicals

Organizational structure
It is suggested as a semi-government organization and the organizational structure of the Bangalore Spatial Planning & Data Center, consists of executive board which has three tiers as follows:

  1. Board chairman – Nominated by the state government works under the urban development department
  2. Board members – Representatives from the various stakeholders, technically competent, eminent persons in the field of GIS.
  3. Technical/Project members – The officials / technical people involved in GIS projects from the various stakeholders and technically competent persons

It is supported financially by the urban development department and for the project development either through the national or international financing institutions.

Responsibilities
It plays a key role in standardization by data sharing and in fostering cooperation amongst Government agencies. Responsibilities include

  • Coordinate systematic implementation of GIS
  • Developing GIS standards
  • Organizing GIS coordinator group meetings
  • Assists various local government agencies, help in technology transfer, setting up GIS
  • Developing GIS & GPS products
  • Providing technical information and support

Services
It offers a variety of products and services to diverse clients involved in public decisions. The power of GIS aids officials in organizing, retrieving and analyzing geographic data and in communicating complex data relationships. It provides reliable, high quality public data along with technical assistance, analysis, custom mapping and data management. The two broad areas of services offered by the Spatial Center are as follows:

  1. Consultation
    1. Application development – Tailor GIS to produce custom views, maps, analysis and reports
    2. Spatial Analysis – Explore relationships between map features or between layers of data; applies criteria to geographic data to select locations.
    3. System Planning – Determine the right configuration of GIS hardware and software
    4. Technical Assistance – Get over technical barriers, save time for interpretation and reporting.
  2. Data development and enhancement

Build, maintain, verify and improve databases.

8. Conclusion
The Digital Urban Management Programme envisions a future where GIS is recognized as an integral and indispensable information tool for government and business, serving the integrated information needs of both citizens and customers. The implementation of a GIS system represents a journey and not a destination. New uses, new applications and new users will continue to evolve into the foreseeable future. Major benefits will derive from opportunities currently unforeseen. As a result, for the foreseeable future, this “project” will have no definable end.