Delhi gears up to be a ‘smart city’

Delhi gears up to be a ‘smart city’

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KJVS Prasad
Geospatial Executive
Geospatial Delhi Ltd
Dr. N. Vasanthakumar
Managing Director
Geospatial Delhi Ltd
Surender Singh
Geospatial Advisor
Geospatial Delhi Ltd

Successful smart city applications not only change the face of the city but also bring transparency in every aspect of governance. As the Geospatial Act-2011 mandates every line department in Delhi city to utilise geospatial data, Geospatial Delhi Limited is gearing up to make the much anticipated smart city e-governance in the city a reality

Geospatial Delhi Limited (GSDL), as a custodian of Delhi State Spatial Data Infrastructure (DSSDI), has a vision to transform Delhi into a smart city by providing citizen centric solutions and e-governance. This may be possible by effective utilization of DSSDI project data, the one of its own kind in India, developed using advanced photogrammetry, remote sensing, GIS, GPS and GPRS technologies. As DSSDI project has bestowed Delhi with an extremely rich database (1:2000 scale) covering all of the infrastructure and facilities of the city, GSDL is constantly making efforts towards utilization of data in every possible way. For achieving this goal, GSDL is framing and implementing policies for issues related to geospatial data in the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD) and is also mandated by Delhi Geospatial Act-2011 to protect, nourish, maintain and also to create, update, manage, disseminate and share geospatial data for the departments of GNCTD.

As economies across the world are taking a spatial approach towards the effective utilization of geospatial technologies for decision making, GSDL has initiated the smart city project and has conducted pilot projects and proposed innovative solutions for GNCTD departments. The primary objective of this proposed project as envisaged during the data building stage is to provide complete transparency to the line departments to monitor the data development work of the features of their interest through interactive Web GIS interface in the intranet environment. As part of the proposed project, some of the potential applications of the affluent dataset are proposed. GSDL has already released two versions of the datasets to enrich DSSDI data with due support from various departments of GNCTD. These applications will set an example of the potential of geospatial technologies and its applications and their implications in the government system. DSSDI applications shall be upgraded after taking into consideration the ancillary inputs making full use of both 2D and 3D environment for GNCTD departments.

Background
Geospatial Delhi Limited (GSDL) was formed as a special purpose vehicle to support DSSDI project and is now empowered as a company (Geo-Knowledge Enterprise) to offer various GIS services to the various departments of GNCTD. Geospatial Delhi Limited (GSDL), as a custodian of DSSDI, mandated by Delhi Geospatial Act-2011, has a vision to transform Delhi into a smart city by makes use of citizen centric solutions and e-governance. GNCTD departments also realize the influence and impact of GIS solutions / information in their business and use of effective services with standardised geometric and correlated data while liaisoning with the departments.

The vision to transform Delhi into a smart city would be possible by effective utilization of DSSDI project data, the one of its kind in India, developed using advanced photogrammetry, remote sensing, GIS, GPS and GPRS technologies, with due support of technological advancements and an integrated approach. As Delhi State Spatial Data Infrastructure project has bestowed Delhi with an extremely rich database with all the infrastructure and facilities of the city, GSDL has stepped in to take responsibility and develop and implement smart city project for GNCTD departments to simplify their work and benefit society at large. To achieve its goal, GSDL has conducted pilot projects and identified some GIS-based, Web enabled innovative services for GNCTD departments while liaisoning with the departments. On the other hand, some departments have already been using GSDL services in the form of customised maps and applications in their planning and updation of DSSDI data.

The smart city project would be operated in two phases. The first phase covers designing of applications followed by development and implementation of services. Successful completion of smart city project requires active involvement of GNCTD departments with updated data. Capacity building and training programmes (outreach activity) have already been started to educate departments for effective utilisation of datasets and services. GSDL has already released two versions of datasets to enrich DSSDI data with a due support from various departments of GNCTD. GSDL, as a centralised system, is responsible for management and dissemination of services being operated through two control centres and 10 monitoring centres to upload and maintain data and geoportal activities developed under DSSDI project. Successful smart city applications not only change the face of the city but also bring transparency in every aspect of governance. As the Geospatial Act-2011 mandates every GNCTD department to utilise the DSSDI data and its services, the much anticipated smart city e-governance is a close reality.

Current scenario
Enhancement of DSSDI dataset and infrastructure
DSSDI project data is undoubtedly a rich database but with certain limitations. When looking at it from the application and implementation perspective, certain gaps were identified in the data, like topological issues, inconsistent attributes, inter layer inconsistency, connectivity issues etc, which could be addressed in-house. Ever since it has taken over the project, Geospatial Delhi Limited is continuously working towards the same and has improved the quality of data and released two data versions 1.0& 1.1. The DSSDI project data and camera feed, now with GSDL, facilitates the government of Delhi with the detection of illegal constructions and enable monitoring of any changes being made with respect to land and building in GNCTD on real time basis. With this data, a lot of property disputes will be addressed.

Delhi Geospatial Data Infrastructure Act, 2011
The Delhi Geospatial act (DGS) 2011 (management control, administration, security and safety) elaborates upon the formulation of GSDL as a company, its administration and its authority. The Act also focuses upon the various functions to be pursued by GSDL, like the maintenance and updation of geospatial data, providing value added and consultancy services to the government, developing geo-portal and applications pertaining to the usage of geospatial data for the various departments and the citizens of Delhi; management and sharing of geospatial data by GSDL; obligations of the various line departments to update the attributes pertaining to them and utilisation of geospatial data at the same time ensuring its safety and security.

Smart City Project for g- Governance

The recently awarded Smart City Project using datasets of DSSDI has been initiated. The prime goal of the Smart City project is to bring change in the existing practice of the departments to a smart way of working by make use of Web-based applications, thereby providing effective services and information accessible to public instantly. These kinds of solutions not only enhance revenue and manage the assets of the departments, but also carry the services to peoples’ doorstep. As part of the planned project, some of the potential applications of the affluent datasets are proposed. These applications will demonstrate the potential of geospatial technologies and its applications and their implications in the government machinery. This project proposes the following result oriented and citizen centric outcomes:
• To enhance the usefulness and effectiveness of the Delhi State Spatial Data Infrastructure (DSSDI) datasets
• To ensure the practical usage of DSSDI datasets in governance
• To enhance the facilities of geospatial data and attribute data handling (addition, updation and validation) at user end
• Capacity building of the stakeholder department
• Dissemination of geospatial information to public on Web

Major components of Smart City project
GSDL owes the responsibility of utilization of the data and infrastructure mapped under DSSDI project. Taking a step towards the same, Geospatial Delhi Limited studied the datasets extensively and identified some result oriented applications with immediate visibility in the society and the government system. Depending upon the extent of the time the applications would take, they have been categorized as long term and short term applications. However, to make them a reality, all these applications require a lot of planning and coordination besides periodical updation of information and infrastructure.

Some of the key components of this proposed project are as follows:

Upgradation of existing technology / infrastructure

Updated data is the main requirement for any GIS-based service to be effective and useful. GSDL shall therefore be procuring most recent high resolution satellite imagery from the authorized agency. Feature extraction and data updation shall be done using this satellite imagery. Software and hardware upgradation would be done depending on demand of application.

Requisite updation of GIS/remote sensing dataset

GSDL has continuously updated its databases as per the modifications obtained by the concerned GNCTD departments and performed data cleaning activities to ensure more accuracy to the data in version 1.0 and 1.1. Even the geospatial datasets with satellite data and cleaning activities are still continuing for the next level of updation as the DSSDI data belongs 2007. In order to utilise the data in the proposed applications, the datasets are being mapped with departmental data. However, data updation is a continuous process to incorporate changes from time to time. Updated data ensures quality standards and helps effective sharing and easy dissemination of geospatial information to various GNCTD departments via Delhi Geoportal as well.

Services provided by GSDL

Development, deployment and hosting of the proposed services and geospatial data hosting
Being the capital city of India, Delhi has got all types of edifices to govern the city. These GNCTD departments are very active towards transformation of e-governance and subsequently for G-governance. Some of the smart city project applications for GNCTD departments who stand to largely benefit from DSSDI data are:
• Online enrolment and single window permission system for excavation/development activities as required by Delhi Geospatial Infrastructure Act 2011
• Development and deployment of tourist friendly geoportal for Delhi
• GIS-assisted detailed riverbank mapping of O-Zone of MPD-2021
• System for maintenance and updation of spatial infrastructure of Delhi Jal Board (DJB) assisted by field sheets
• Development of geospatial supported system to ensure implementation of selected health policies of the GNCTD
• Development and conduct of customised geospatial training courses for GNCTD departmental staff
• Real-time monitoring of public transport using Delhi Geoportal and GPS feeds
• Geospatial enabled disaster response center
• Plan, dig and monitor (PDM) application
• Property tax assessment of MCD
• Forestry, DDA, environment departmental, social services

Training and handholding
For effective implementation of services to the GNCTD departments, we facilitate various departments with demos on DSSDI project, especially on infrastructure, services, products and security. The smart city project proposes a GIS training programme for periodical training and capacity building programmes to the GNCTD departments. This proposed training centre shall be serving the purpose and shall also be a backbone to the services being developed at GSDL. This centre shall also play a vital role in handholding in the development of applications with different departments and handing over the resultant product of the implemented service over a period of time. This will help in the fulfillment of the following main aims:

• To provide guidance for effective and efficient GIS implementation
• To identify key resources required for GIS implementation
• To identify key tasks that need to be performed
• To help minimise the risk of failure in GIS implementation
• To identify issues that could impede the mainstreaming of GIS

This proposed training programme planned by GSDL will be turned into a technical milestone for the concerned line departments as far as understanding of DSSDI data products and its application in their routine work is concerned.

Data security and infrastructure maintenance

A dedicated networking system and infrastructure has been established under DSSDI project to transfer, share, store and maintain data among various departments of GNCTD and GSDL. Two control centers have been established which are connected with a secured MTNL lease line network to transfer data among control centres. Data can be accessed from various monitoring centers (client servers) spread across various departments with a unique ID (I.P address) which could be used to define the type of local area network (LAN). Control centres cover local systems, back up servers, security servers, application servers, web servers and database servers meant for smooth functioning of the work system/environment and for maintaining security. Firewalls have been placed in the networking system to restrict unauthorized persons from accessing data, to provide more safety to the geospatial data used from various government agencies and GSDL. Various monitoring centers have been identified and are fixed with IP cameras to monitor the changes and obtain feed from the coverage areas. GSDL obtains feed from IP cameras through MTNL lease line network specially designed for its purpose.

GSDL services to departments

GSDL, as a solution provider, caters to geospatial requirements of all government organizations and public sector organizations of Government of Delhi. GSDL has established relations with GNCTD departments for definition, development and deployment of relevant geospatial services. Under this, GSDL has prepared and delivered quality of services pertaining to various departments. DSSDI data was extensively used in various analyses for proposing various applications. Some of the major delivered services are
• Updation of school dataset in order to align the geospatial dataset with the DOE (Department of Education) database.
• Provide utility data to Delhi Tourism and Transportation Department Corporation (DTTDC) for selected region.
• Creation of customized DJB (Delhi Jal Board) utility maps at three different levels: division-wise, ward-wise and field sheets (further subdivision of ward level maps on 1:1,000 scale).
• Joint validation of the said database with GSDL team and MCD tax inspectors.
• Delineation of 11 districts and 33 sub divisions boundaries based on notification
• Training and handholding session for Delhi Transco Ltd. at their premises regarding Delhi Geoportal Application.
• Association in making master plan for drainage in Delhi.
• Association with I&FC for zone ‘O’ of Yamuna river mapping
• Boundary delineation, mapping and map printing for unauthorized colonies affected by ASI monuments.
• Change detection analysis of Chatterpur area during 2007 to 2010 for urban development as required by Lieutenant Governor’s Office
• Developing the Web module of citizen feedback reporting primarily for the departments of the Government of National Capital Region of Delhi (GNCTD).
• Tablet GIS application developed for Revenue Department and demonstrated to Divisional Commissioner, Revenue Department.
• Geospatial technology enabled delimitation of ward boundary for directorate of Gurdwara elections.
• Webportal for Department of Post

GSDL Database

Besides this, GSDL provides training and handholding support for software, hardware, datasets and geo-portal usage to all the GNCTD departments. It also explains the software and hardware setup, its security of data while working through Internet or intranet network. Recently, GSDL bagged National Award “GOLD” for DSSDI project under category 6 of “Innovative use of GIS Technology in e-Governance” for the year 2013.

Conclusion
Through its spatial approach, GSDL plays a significant role in enhancing revenue of service providing line departments and also in making services easily accessible to the people of GNCTD. Delhi Development Authority, Municipal Corporation of Delhi, public sector units, Defence, Labour, Trade & Taxes, BSES Rajdhani Power Ltd, engineering departments, Delhi Jal Board (DJB), Revenue Department, Department of Tourism, Dept. of Public Health and Family Welfare, Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC), Delhi State Election Commission, Department of Disaster Management, Department of Environment, Department of Education and Archaeological Survey of India (Delhi Circle) are some of the major government departments of GNCTD where an impact has been made.