Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTEAP), Dehradun, India
GIS and GPS are being used in Research and Development in India, for what applications and by what organisations, and whether these technologies or their applications have reached the ‘grassroots’ level
India has an important and successful space programme. It has the capacity to design and manufacture launch vehicles, satellites, various payloads and sensors, and systems for tracking, downloading and dissemination of information obtained from space. Since the start of the space programme in the early seventies, the emphasis has been on using space technology for developmental purposes and reaching out its benefits to the common man. To achieve this, the Department of Space (DOS) is conducting research on space applications and coordinating different national programmes. As far as earth observation (remote sensing) is concerned, there are important application areas too.
India also has an important Information and Communica-tion Technology (ICT) sector, which is currently one of the driving forces of economic development in the country. As part of the ICT sector, geoinformation (GIS) technologies are being developed and applied in India and abroad. Geoinformation technology is relevant to any organisation or entity dealing with spatial information for monitoring, policy, planning or management purposes. Therefore, GIS has enormous application potential, from the central government down to the municipality (Panchayat) level, for universities and Research and Development institutions, for the private sector and for non-governmental organisations (NGOs).